Music is an art appreciated by man since ancient times. In particular, there are primordial forms of music in the peoples of the past. Then this music was handed down orally and was part of the tradition of the various peoples. In addition, it was used to accompany religious ceremonies and parties. But it was in the Middle Ages that music was written and handed down correctly. That is since, in the Middle Ages, the monk Guido of Arezzo invented the pentagram. In other words this gave the possibility to pass on a musical composition. Then to be able to reproduce it anywhere. First of all, music accompanied religious ceremonies and was often referred to the sacred texts. Secondly, it also became a pleasant entertainment in meetings between friends. Then too, in modern times it has become a socialization and entertainment tool.
MUSIC IN MODERN TIMES
In 1700 a rich bourgeoisie was born linked to trade and the first forms of modern industry. Then even the aristocracy became more modern and refined as well as being more fun-loving. In other words, music increasingly became a pleasant entertainment that is a means to brighten people’s lives. But until the early 1900s it was something reserved for the parties of those who were wealthy and not very young. The first mass music intended primarily for young people was born in the 1950s. In other words, after the Second World War there was a period of great prosperity in the U.S.A. who had been the victors of the conflict. Then this condition of strong economic growth caused great changes in US society. In other words, a more advanced working model developed. Moreover based on skilled workers, office workers, graduates in scientific subjects.
In particular, all this produced new needs. For example, young people now had to go to school to acquire a higher education than their parents. First of all, regular school attendance gave birth to a new phenomenon. That is free time. In other words, the boys went to school in the morning and studied in the afternoons. But in the morning they didn’t have to get up at dawn to go to work in the countryside or in the factory. For example, they began to gather in bars or clubs in the evening. Particularly where they spent the evening with friends, have a drink and listen to music.
MASS INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION
Another element that favored the diffusion of music that became a pleasant entertainment in homes and clubs was mass industrial production. That is, the industries became more evolved and were able to manufacture turntables, radios and records at affordable prices. Until the music had the opportunity to enter everyone’s homes. In particular, a law of economics says that a product manufactured in large quantities in a context of a healthy and competitive economy undergoes a reduction in price. Then this phenomenon made music a very widespread thing. In addition, therefore, the need arose for a musical production suitable to satisfy the demands of the public. That is the young one.
THE ROCK’N ROLL IS BORN
Rock ‘n roll was born in the U.S.A. in the period between the 50s and 60s. In particular it was the result of the fusion of blues, country, jazz, gospel. R&B. In particular, the pioneers of modern rock’n roll were characters such as Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Jerry Lee Louis, James Brown, Janis Joplin, Tina Turner, Jim Morrison, Prince. In addition, it became a commercial phenomenon with singers who became idols of the young and produced a great cultural influence. Then the new rhythms of rock changed the music of the past and became the basis for the next and current music. Concerts, listening to music in bars or in local lobbies or even at home became a cultural and social phenomenon that changed society.
PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS OF THE PLEASURE OF LISTENING TO ROCK MUSIC
Music, being a pleasant entertainment, produces a stimulation of the pleasure centers by producing an unconscious stimulation. That is, it evokes memories stored in the brain by re-emerging positive images. In particular, the preference for a particular genre of music depends on the psychological conditions and moods of the moment. In addition, psychologists have tried to understand why the pleasure of listening to music was a universal element. That is, it was an element common to all cultures in every geographical area. Then long studies have highlighted the real effects it has on health.
In particular, the beneficial effects of music mainly concern mood and any negative psychological states. Then it releases the tensions and loosens the drives related to libido. Besides, music has an important psychosocial function. That is, it helps to feel part of a large group. In other words, it gives the feeling of sharing the same musical tastes with other people. Then the pleasure of listening to a particular type of music unites people with similar psychological and behavioral characteristics. In other words, those who love rap have a different psychological condition from those who love jazz or metal for example.
CHEMICAL BASES OF MUSIC APPRECIATION
Then the pleasure in listening to music also has a basis linked to the chemistry of the nervous system. That’s the reasoson why music became a pleasant entertainment. That is, an effect is generated similar to that created following the intake of psychoactive substances. In particular, an increase in the release of dopamine is produced. The human brain is made up of about 100 billion neurons that communicate with each other with electrical and chemical messages. In other words, a continuous stream of chemicals encodes a long series of messages.
Moreover, the combination of these activities has the result of making the brain work in a harmonious way in order to direct all the bodily fictions in the best possible way. In particular, the increase in dopamine secretion has an effect on the improvement of brain activity. That is above all on the levels of attention and learning. Furthermore, there are also favorable effects on the sleep cycle.
Music in particular has a good relaxing effect. That is, it reduces stress and increases cortisol levels in the blood. Moreover, it produces positive effects on health. That is, it produces an improvement in the activity of the cardiovascular system. First of all, it has benefits on heart rate and blood pressure. Then modern medicine in recent years has demonstrated the effects of meditation and relaxation techniques on health and longevity. In other words, biochemical and magnetic resonance techniques have studied the chemical basis of these benefits. First of all it has been ascertained that they arise thanks to the same chemical reactions generated by listening to a pleasant music.
Then music represents a psychosocial glue that favors the understanding and knowledge of individuals belonging to even very different cultures. In particular, listening to a new musical genre has the same psychological effects as getting to know a new place or new people during a trip. But also the effect of tasting a new dish abroad or in a restaurant. In other words, they are all stimuli that make the neural network more dense and versatile, making the mind more plastic and able to adapt to new conditions. That is, these stimuli increase resilience (ability to adapt to negative conditions). Then also the ability to interact positively with the people you have relationships with. Finally, there is an increase in brain plasticity which makes the brain more capable of positively interacting with the external environment.
Then another important element concerning rock music is the pleasure of enjoying its extraordinary rhythm so became a pleasant entertainment. In other words, I would like to state that it is difficult not to be ecstatic listening to the great rockers of the past or even the most recent ones like Bruce Springsteen or Bon Jovy. Or even some Queen rock songs. In other words, listening to these rhythms generates a condition of pleasure and relaxation that produce benefits for the body and mind. Then, the effect of this music is amplified by the right context in which it can be heard. That is, in some nice club, at a friend’s house or during a relaxing evening at home.
doc Massimiliano Mangafà